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Whiplash

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感想很多,感動滿滿 .......好看  ~~~~!  

有鼓怎麼可以沒有舞呢? 
先來看一小段,片中主角Miles  Teller 在2011年 Footloose中畢業舞會中的表現,呵 ~
他在2009時曾出了一場車禍,幸好後來有復原。。。且在校時他也是鼓樂隊,片中的練鼓鏡頭應該是貨真價實的....

話說, 排舞真的很有趣 ~ 希望有機會可以跳阿 ~ 哈 ~ 


 

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本片為新銳導演達米恩查澤雷取材自個人經歷的半自傳電影。

劇情:
立志成為頂尖爵士鼓手的安德魯進入音樂學院的第一天,就遇上魔鬼教師費查。費查被他狂熱擊鼓的模樣吸引,
邀他進入競爭激烈的薛佛學院爵士樂團。費查嚴厲指導,手段激烈,無所不用¬其極,安德魯也不計代價瘋狂練習,猛力之下還打斷鼓棒,甚至磨破手指血染鼓面也在所不惜,只為了追求偉大鼓手的最高成就。
就在安德魯漸漸被魔鬼特訓推向技藝高峰之時,也被推向了人性的懸崖……




( 訪談 作曲者Justin Hurwit 及 Simonec)

*What was your moment when you decided to become a musician? And did that initial optimism ever get deflated?

Hurwitz: I started playing piano at 6. There were times that I hated practicing and wanted to quit, but stuck with it because everything else (sports) would have been more miserable. Now, I’m of course thankful that I kept music in my life.

Simonec:I started taking organ lessons at the age of eight. My mother took me to practice until I was about 16. I started organizing small singing groups and then larger singing groups through college, but never considered music as a career. Again my mom kept saying, “You’re not gonna become a minister (which is what I studied for and majored in while in college). Why don’t you go into music?” However, I did become a minister of youth and music in the local church when fate took a hand. I was asked by a friend to write a theme for a local television show. For the first time in my life, I was fortunate enough to work with professional studio musicians. The very moment they played my theme was the defining moment of me going into the music business. I knew I wanted to write music for movies and work with studio musicians. This dream was realized about six years later when I moved to Hollywood and began scoring music for the show “Happy Days” in 1980.

*What do you think sets “Whiplash” apart from both “I want to be a musician” movies like “Fame,” or other movies that try to capture the essence of jazz like” Bird”?

Hurwitz: Whiplash shows the sheer physicality and brutality involved with playing music at a high level, in a way that I haven’t seen.


*What do you think sets “Whiplash” apart from both “I want to be a musician” movies like “Fame,” or other movies that try to capture the essence of jazz like” Bird”

Hurwitz: Whiplash shows the sheer physicality and brutality involved with playing music at a high level, in a way that I haven’t seen.
Hurwitz: Damien and I were roommates from sophomore year on, and had very similar lifestyles. We didn’t do a ton of partying. We spent a lot of time in our room, working. Until we made Guy and Madeline on a Park Bench (our first film) at the end of college, our work was separate, but we always kept each other motivated and on task. We’d see that the other one was reading a blog or watching a YouTube video and say, “Get back to work.” There’s a similar sentiment in Whiplash — the idea that to be good at something, you have to work hard and sacrifice.

*Justin, did you work with Damien on the “Whiplash” short that got him the feature? And did you know how essential the music would be towards landing the deal?

Hurwitz: The short didn’t have any original music in it, only the titular song “Whiplash” which is a jazz standard composed by Hank Levy. But I knew that his plan was to make a feature, and that I would do the dramatic underscore and original jazz.

*Did you ever have an instructor as terrifying as Terence?
Hurwitz: Not as terrifying as Terence Fletcher, but I had a piano teacher who used to hit me on the back with a ruler.

Simonec: Thankfully, no. But I did have quite the opposite with an instructor who helped me greatly.His name was George Strombeck and he was the band director at Trinity College. My major was Bibl Studies. But I was so into music and was very fortunate to just bump into George after school while I was doing an arrangement for singers in an orchestra. I shared with him that I had so many musical ideas in my head that I really didn’t know how to write them down on paper. George then taught me privately after school how to interpret and write down complicated rhythms so that they could be played by instrumentalists. Unlike Fletcher he was always very enthusiastic about my work and extremely encouraging to me. I will always be grateful for the part he played in my musical path.

*If you ever had a moment where you felt you didn’t have it, what inspired you to continue?
Hurwitz: As a classical pianist growing up, I had a number of reality checks where I realized how much better other musicians were than I was, and that was sometimes demoralizing, but I kept at it because I knew that I was better at music than anything else I could be doing.

*How else could you personally could you identify with Andrew’s character?
Hurwitz: I don’t have the greatest social skills in the world. I usually choose to stay in and work over, go out at night. There’s an early scene in Whiplash where a bandmate asks Andrew how his weekend was and he says, “Fun,” when we know that he stayed in. I love that moment because it always annoys me when people ask how my weekend was.

*Conversely, do you agree with Terence’s teaching practices, or philosophy? How do you push someone without going over the edge? And how do you tell someone they’re not good enough?
Hurwitz: This is tough. I think it’s all right for a teacher to push a student as long as the student doesn’t break. Different students have different tolerances and breaking points, so a teacher has to adapt. There are aspects to Fletcher’s style that I certainly don’t agree with like his use of epithets, but I think it’s all right to be demanding and at times cruel depending on the student, their goals, and what they can handle.

*Do you think we’re letting “Good Job” mediocrity get away far more often in jazz, let alone music?
Hurwitz: I think the line Damien wrote, “There are no two words in the English language more harmful than good job” can be applied in a lot of areas, not just music.

*How did you want to create a contrast between Andrew and Terence’s music?
Hurwitz: The music Andrew plays is increasingly feverish throughout the movie. We only see Fletcher play music once, and it’s a very tender piano piece that I wrote. He’s such a monster throughout the movie, that it’s nice to see glimpses of his gentler side. Twice in the film, we see Fletcher’s vulnerability. Once when he talks to his class about a former student, and once when he’s at the piano.

*How did you go about choosing the jazz pieces for “Whiplash,” especially the title tune?
Hurwitz: Damien chose that piece because it was one of the tunes he played coming up as a jazz drummer himself.

*With “Whiplash” showing up so many times, how did you want to make its renditions different?
Hurwitz: You never hear the full song in the movie. You hear sections of it during the rehearsal scene, but Fletcher keeps stopping them because of mistakes. Then you hear part of “Whiplash” played well at a competition, but you never hear the chart in full in the movie. The full song is on the soundtrack album.

*New York City also plays a character in “Whiplash.” Do you think there’s an automatic association we draw from pre-existing tunes like “Intoit” and “When I Wake” that automatically conjures a bigger picture of Manhattan for audiences, even though we might not see any big recognizable landmarks?

Hurwitz: “When I Wake” isn’t pre-existing. I actually wrote it for Whiplash, to sound like something that was recorded in the 30s. And Nicholas Britell did some amazing production work to give it that old vinyl sound. But I do think that jazz and New York City go hand in hand in movies. There are so many jazz tunes where the #1 thing they conjure for me is the Woody Allen movie they’re associated with.

*Do you think the irony of “Whiplash” is showing how restrictive a work that’s supposed to be improvisatory can actually be?

Hurwitz: That’s a really interesting point, although I would maybe phrase it a little differently. I don’t think jazz is restrictive. I might say that the movie shows how much precision goes into jazz, a style of music that some people consider to be “loose.”

*What’s the biggest difference between rock drumming and jazz drumming? And with Miles having previous drumming experience, was it easier to push him further?

Hurwitz: You hold the sticks differently, and the rhythms are very different. Jazz is usually swung and full of syncopated rhythms while rock is straight. It was great that Miles knew his way around a drum kit already, but he still had so much to learn. Once he heard examples of the type of solos he was going to have to play, he got very motivated very quickly. What he was able to learn in the short time he did is astounding.

*Could you talk about “scoring” the practice sessions? And on those notes, have you ever played so fast your hands bled?
Hurwitz: The music in the practice sessions was generally designed to get more intense as the movie goes on. My hands have never bled because piano doesn’t abuse them like drumming does, but I’ve skinned my knuckles playing glissandos. That’s pretty badass right?

*Conversely, what was it like working with a non-musician like J.K.? And do you think it was as important to make his dialogue as convincing as his playing?
Hurwitz: J.K. actual does have a background in music. In fact, he went to music school. He didn’t have much experience playing piano, but I made him a note for note transcription of the pre-recorded jazz piece he had to play, and he played it perfectly. I came to set that day to watch his hands and make sure they weren’t playing the wrong notes, or playing out of time. There was literally nothing for me to do because he nailed it every time.

*What do you think sets “movie jazz” apart from the real deal, and were you trying to capture that real deal here?
Hurwitz: “Movie jazz” can sometimes be watered down. Sometimes it’s harmonically simplified, or lacks a solo section. What’s unique about this movie is that Damien portrays the music exactly as he experienced it. Granted, the film takes place in a music conservatory, so you’re not getting the heroine-addled club version of jazz, but it’s very accurate to the experience of playing jazz in a cutthroat music school.

*Justin, could you talk about the process of finding a style of underscoring that would complement the jazz pieces?

Hurwitz: Figuring out an approach for the dramatic underscore was a long conversation between Damien and me. We knew that the underscore shouldn’t be big band jazz, since there was already so much of that on screen and elsewhere in the movie. We knew that an orchestral score would be stylistically wrong, and that an electronic score wouldn’t make sense in a movie about musicianship and instruments. So we came up with the idea of building a score using the techniques of electronic scoring, but using 100% real instruments — in fact, only the instruments in a big band lineup. With this approach, we would have a score that felt atmospheric like an electronic score without actually being electronic, and organic to the movie’s existing soundscape, without feeling like just more big band music.

Our scoring session was really tedious because I recorded the score cues one note at a time. Literally, one note at a time. What this allowed me to do was layer and manipulate the notes in a way that musicians can’t. The resulting textures are reminiscent of an electronic score, except every note was either a sax, trumpet, trombone, piano, vibe, or upright bass. The majority of the notes in this score are slowed down to about 1/3 time, creating a hellish version of a big band sound. Damien and I joked that it’s like Andrew is being tortured by the very instruments he makes music with.

Woven into these textures is one familiar melody — the tune that Fletcher plays in the jazz club. I put that melody in many of the score cues, in major, minor, and other modes, depending on the situation. Damien and I love scores that are economical with melody — scores that establish one or two themes or motives, and use those themes or motives in every way they can be used. In this case, we found that one versatile melody was all we needed. The melody tied to Fletcher expressing himself at the piano seemed like the right melody.

*What’s almost funny is that when you finally see Terence playing, it’s the most relaxed, nice jazz piano tune ever. How did you hit on this theme, and what do you think it says about Terence’s personal life?

Hurwitz: I wanted a melody that was pretty, but has a little bit of pain in it. The song is in minor, and the very first note of the melody is a dissonance (a ninth). The song visits a major key during the B-section, but always comes back to minor. 
The piece both shows Fletcher’s more tender side, but also betrays a sadness. There was a scene that got cut from the film where we see that Fletcher lives alone, and eats dinner alone. I think that generally he’s not the happiest guy, even if some of his teaching is very fulfilling.

*One of the most impressive cues is “Accident,” where we see just how far Andrew’s commitment takes him. How did you want to play it as both a jazz piece, and one that goes inside of Andrew’s head?

Hurwitz: Like all of the score cues, this was built using the instruments of a big band lineup. Everything played by the brass and reed instruments is slowed to sound weird and unsettling. Then we have bass and drums, which aren’t slowed down. 
I layered several drum tracks at different tempos, so it feels crazed, at times cacophonous. And then right before the major event of the sequence, at the height of the cue’s craziness, I layered in a version of “When I Wake,” the sweet, old-fashioned jazz tune that played during the date in the pizza parlor. I thought it was an eerie juxtaposition.

*In that respect, do you think the score is ultimately about playing a mental breakdown, especially with its drone-like effects?
Hurwitz: I hadn’t thought about that exactly, but it’s a really interesting point. Some of these cues can be seen a little bit as a sum of all the jazz swirling around in Andrew’s head.

*The piano also plays an important role in signaling a sense of defeat and doom in “Dismissed.” Do you think it has an emotion drum percussion can’t reach?

Hurwitz: Absolutely. Being an instrument that makes notes, piano can get at certain emotions that drums can’t, like melancholy. That being said, the “Dismissed” cue has a rhythmic element to it too. The left hand is playing a rhythm that we’ve heard in many of the more intense cues. The rhythm is like one of a funeral march, or like the dread-evoking rhythm in Don Giovanni. Basically there are two motives in the Whiplash score: the melody from Fletcher’s piano song, and this rhythm. They come together in the “Dismissed” cue.

*There’s rarely been such a bravura jazz performance in film as the climactic “Caravan.” What were the challenges of this scene?

Hurwitz: Give the credit to Damien, his cinematographer Sharone Meir, and editor Tom Cross. Damien had storyboarded and built an animatic for the scene. Shot by shot of where the camera is, beat by beat. “On this beat the camera is on the trumpet. 
Then on this beat it punches in on the trumpet bell. Then during this measure it tracks from this saxophone to that saxophone.” It’s amazing how well planned it was. Then they shot it with a bunch of cameras, and edited it together.

*Tim, what’s it like to have a piece introduced with your name on it for a terrifyingly impactful moment?

Simonec: It was a real thrill to actually have my name mentioned in a movie. I had seen J.K. Simmons right after he wrapped up shooting the film and he told me that he mentioned my name in one of the scenes and we both figured it would end up on the cutting room floor. It doesn’t matter to me where it was used in the film, I just thought it was cool that it was used.

*Do you think a movie like “Whiplash” will encourage, or scare away future jazz musicians?

Hurwitz: Hopefully encourage them.

Simonec: Probably a little bit of both. I do think that in some small way, the difficulty of a character like Fletcher encapsulates the difficulties any musician will encounter on his or her way to making it in the music business these days. I personally feel that “Whiplash” is a quality music movie, and to that extent, it will encourage young musicians to really work hard. 
Those musicians that work hard at their craft, persevere, have a supporting wife like I have been so fortunate to have, and surround themselves with good people…will succeed.

*How long do you think you could take Terence before you’d snap? And how fast do you think you could dodge a flying cymbal?

Hurwitz: I’d like to think I could handle Fletcher at least as long as Andrew does, but my reflexes probably aren’t fast enough to survive a cymbal.



Whiplash (2014) - Music Video - Faster 

Justin Hurwitz - When I Wake


Upswingin' | Whiplash (2014) 


Whiplash Official UK Trailer #1 (2015) - Miles Teller, J.K. Simmons  



 Miles Teller Is a Self-Taught Drummer 


Whiplash Interview With J.K. Simmons, Miles Teller and Damien Chazelle



*爵士鼓(Drum set)是一套各種不同類型、不同音色的手擊樂器和腳擊樂器集結為一體由單人利用踏板、鼓棒或鼓刷來演奏。主要用在搖滾樂和爵士樂中,抑揚頓挫的立體鼓點配上鼓手投入演出的神情,演奏起來十分神氣。因從外觀上看去就像一排架子上掛著很多鼓,又名「架子鼓」。

「爵士」二字,是一名早期美國黑人樂手的名字,全名為爵士波‧布朗。早期的爵士樂是美國下層黑人們自娛自樂的音樂形式,當這位著名的黑人樂手演奏時,人們常常興奮的高呼「爵土,再來一個!」。後來,這種音樂就因這位黑人歌手而得名,習慣上稱做「爵士樂」了。而搭配爵士樂演奏的樂器,稱為爵士鼓(也是由這位爵士波‧布朗而得名)。

爵士鼓種有些早在六千多年前就已經存在,大鼓以前被視為作戰的工具,可以提升士氣的戰鼓,非洲將木頭挖空,使其中空,打擊是震動空氣產生共鳴,以打擊不同的高低音色來傳遞訊息。最初期的爵上鼓非常簡單,只有大鼓、小鼓和軍鈸。人們把大鼓立放在地上,架起小鼓,用腳把大鼓踢響,再把一根棍子插在地上,掛上一片軍鈸。

十九世紀中期,美國南北戰爭結束,能歌善舞的黑人從解散的軍隊那裡獲得不少樂器。如大小軍鼓、銅鈸等,(這些樂器幾乎成了後來士樂中的主要樂器)天才的黑人把各類鈸巧妙的組合在一起,就成了爵士鼓的雛型。他們把大軍鼓安上支架放在地上,配置一個能鼓動鼓面的踏板。再把小鼓和軍鈸分掛在大鼓的兩邊。這樣,一個人就能同時操縱多件打擊樂器。

後來通過發展、改良,慢慢就演化成了現代的爵士鼓。隨著爵士樂的不斷發展。鼓手的技術也不斷提高,簡陋的裝置再不能適應樂隊和鼓手的需要,於是就在打擊樂組合中逐漸加入了幾個去掉響弦的小鼓,打起來嗵嗵嗵嗵,與大鼓、小鼓交相呼應十分動聽,後來就以它們發出的聲音命名為「嗵嗵」(TOM—TOM)。我國的習慣叫法為「嗵嗵鼓」,因為嗵嗵鼓的型制很像水捅,有的也叫它「桶鼓」。

隨著爵士樂的發展,能夠連動的腳踏鈸也加了進來。直至發展到型制健全、操縱方便、具有兩面大鼓、七八面嗵鼓、八九面鈸的世界性打擊樂器。

到國內,國人慢慢接受,乃至於熱門音樂合唱團的興起,在"打鼓的"發揮其熱情奔放的節奏感之後,爵士鼓乃應運而生,普遍受到年輕人的喜愛和學習的狂熱。但在這段由播種到成長的期間,爵士鼓也經歷了許多的滄桑史,由簡劣的構造組合而至現在豪華氣派的組合。

早期的組合由於器材的缺乏及科技落後,零件的配合都偏於簡單與攜帶方便,表演時只要求有節奏音效即可。

近代爵士鼓的組合,在製造科學上的突破,有相對的改進。因而形成了現代的組合。有兩套近代型的爵士鼓組合在一起,中鼓與銅鈸也有增加到八、九個的組合,視個人打擊技巧與需要而定,只要拍子與節奏抓得穩與準,手一伸即可打到鼓與銅鈸,最能發揮鼓手在演奏上的風格與技巧,而各種不同的音色很能滿足聽覺上的慾望。

早期爵士樂團的樂器都是個別演奏,例如:鈴鼓.康加.邦多......多項樂器慢慢融合和改造,慢慢的形成一整套的鼓,所以根本查不到爵士鼓的樂器史,爵士樂本來就以即興為主,所以爵士鼓也沒有固定的型態,更可以隨樂手心境,自由組裝爵士鼓的配件,只要好聽,大致上沒人會說不對,只是姿勢會影響往後樂手的進步速度和張力,所以才會演進到鼓手技術的對錯。

Art Blakey & The Jazz Messengers - A Night In Tunisia - 1958 

 


solo Charlie Adams 09 10 2012 Curitiba 

World's Fastest Drummer


 


How Jazz Was Born - Danny Kaye


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台長: DJ
人氣(3,142) | 回應(2)| 推薦 (0)| 收藏 (0)| 轉寄
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抗壓性夠強的話 淺能就會被激發.
2015-03-21 23:14:36
DJ
沒錯。但也不否認妒嫉學生才能的專門學術者大有人在...影片當中,老師居然可以因為他不喜歡胖子就把那會聽音準但沒有信心的學生給趕出去,而留下不會聽音準的學生...很傻眼,但這一小段不就是在諷刺老師所專制,他只要乖的學生而非才能!!

這部片超好看到,我看了兩次,還想看第三次..呵,最後一幕太精彩了!! " I CUE YOU " ~ !!
2015-03-31 12:27:03
是 (若未登入"個人新聞台帳號"則看不到回覆唷!)
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